- initiate, coordinate and carry out research to improve the understanding of the geology of the country, including areas of primary importance for the national economy, in particular discovering new mineral deposits, estimating mineral resources and reserves, and protecting the environment;
- runs the Central Geological Archive;
- gather, provide access to, process and store geological data;
- manage geological databases;
- prepare the balance of mineral resources in Poland;
- prepare materials for auctions of hydrocarbon exploration and prospecting as well as for hydrocarbon production licences;
- coordinate and carry out geological mapping as well as pilot projects in that field;
- manage the Register of Mining Areas;
- coordinate actions taken to conserve geodiversity and to coordinate environmental geology projects;
- investigate and monitor geological hazards.
Apart from tasks set by the Geological and Mining Law Act, the Polish Geological Survey carries out projects commissioned by the Ministry of the Environment as well as departments. It cooperates with government administration, local governments, geological, exploration, mining and other companies, scientific research institutions, and surveys both national and foreign. Since 2011, the Polish Geological Survey cooperates with Geocentrum Polska, a scientific and industry association gathering leading scientific organizations in the field of Polish geology as well as companies focused on extraction and processing of mineral resources. The organization was initiated by the Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute, which remains its leader.
The Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute, acting as the Polish Geological Survey, is a member of EuroGeoSurveys, an organization which gathers the European geological surveys.