Fields of research

The task of modern geology is not only the reconstruction of our Planet’s history and provision of knowledge about mineral resources, but also a comprehensive recognition of the status and mechanisms of numerous natural environmental factors controlling the living conditions and health of the general population. Therefore:

 

We examine the state of the natural environment also with respect to the presence of substances toxic to living organisms

  • We examine the natural geochemical background of soils and their contamination as a result of activities of man
  • We carry out geochemical studies of surface water, soils, grounds and sediments of water bodies in rivers and lakes
  • We monitor the ground and water environment around objects which can pose threat to the natural environment, such as industrial plants, fuel storages, airfields, transport bases, and army units
  • We plan and supervise the rehabilitation of degraded areas, both post-industrial and post-mining
  • We analyse the impact of landfill sites on the natural environment and prepare proposals for the geological conditions for storage of municipal, hazardous and radioactive waste
  • We evaluate the contamination of soils, plants, water and buildings by radioactive elements – caesium, radium, uranium

We determine:

Trace and major elements - arsenic, antimony, barium, chromium, tin, zinc, phosphorus, cadmium, cobalt, magnesium, manganese, copper, molybdenum, nickel, lead, potassium, mercury, sulphur, sodium, silver, strontium, thallium, calcium, vanadium, organic coal, iron

Radioactive elements – caesium, radium and uranium

Noxious organic compounds — polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, selected polychlorinated biphenyl congeners and selected chloro-organic pesticides

 

We monitor and protect groundwater resources – the source of potable water for more than a half of the Polish population

  • We analyze hydrogeological conditions and groundwater reserves all over the country
  • We assess the utilization rate of groundwater reserves – we estimate reserves and outline areas of deficiency
  • We analyse the chemical state of groundwater, including mineral, therapeutic and thermal water
  • We analyze and assess the anthropogenic impact on groundwater and resulting changes in groundwater-dependent ecosystems
  • We monitor the water level and chemistry of useful aquifers all over the country and create local groundwater monitoring networks in the vicinity of objects that strongly affect groundwater, such as mines, industrial plants, fuel storage sites, etc.
  • We evaluate the risk of groundwater recharge areas being polluted with contaminated surface water, including flood water
  • We forecast the effects of an increase in the level of the Baltic Sea and the risk of an ingress of salt water into useful aquifers

We identify the country’s minerals and mineral waters of therapeutic value

  • We carry out prospecting and keep a database of mineral raw material resources used by the pharmaceutical industry, such as coal, peat and therapeutic mud
  • We estimate the resources and chemical constitution of mineral water used in medicine
  • We document the resources of rock and ceramic raw materials – healthy, ecological materials to be used in the construction of houses and decoration of their interiors

We evaluate the geodiversity of our country and the geotouristic potential of its various regions

  • We identify sites of geological and geomorphological interest which are valuable in science and education
  • We design geoparks, geological educational trails and geosites