Fields of research

The safety of infrastructural investments depends largely on a correct recognition of the numerous natural and anthropogenic factors which influence the conditions of the foundation and exploitation of buildings. Presently we participate in deciding the location of future nuclear energy plants and nuclear waste storage sites, in designing underground storage sites for fluid and gas fuel and CO2 sequestration, and in the recognition of engineering geological conditions along the A1 motorway. At our disposal is an engineering geology laboratory and hydrogeological and geophysical equipment.

 

 

We define the properties of the building foundation

  • We assess the geological engineering conditions for spatial planning and building foundation

- We examinethe physical and mechanical properties of soils;
- We evaluate groundwater conditions in an area;
- We determine the tension of subsoil

  • In ground allocated for building purposes, we determine the content of heavy metals, radioactive elements, oil derivatives and many other substances which are toxic to life forms

We study the hydrogeological conditions and hazards resulting from changes in depth of the water table

  • We determine the features of water-bearing horizons and the properties of groundwater
  • We outline areas at risk of local flooding
  • We evaluate the technical conditions of flood embankments

We specify the geological-environmental conditions for the safe location of waste storage sites

  • We outline areas for the occurrence of a natural insulation layer of impermebale sediments in the subsurface zone
  • We examine the properties of soils for the location of landfill sites
  • We assess the risk of pollutant penetration into soil, ground, groundwater and surface water
  • We analyse the morphological, natural and legal constraints, as well as those resulting from the forms of land use and development plans

We check the feasibility of safe CO2sequestration in geological structures

  • We analyse options of geological CO2 storage in brine water-bearing horizons, in hydrocarbon deposits (with possible assistance in their exploitation) and in unexploited deep coal seams (with possible methane recovery)
  • We select the location of underground CO2 storage sites on the basis of geological criteria, the impact on the environment and safety considerations
  • We draw up programs of the monitoring of underground CO2 storage sites

We design underground storage sites for fluid and gas fuel

  • We assess the feasibility of geological being used for the strategic storage of fluid and gas reserves over a period of several months
  • We design the distribution of storage sites in geological structures, their volume and exploitation risks
  • We set up guidelines for the monitoring of storage sites